This is a clone of the well-known cron job scheduler for the unix flavored

operating systems. It is implemented in Python. The main motivation for the

project is to provide a robust cron daemon for the Microsoft Windows*

operating system. However, Python Cron is platform-independant, and can

be used on any operating system that supports python.

CygWin (http://www.cygwin.com/) provides a robust implementation of the cron

daemon, however it requires installing the full cygwin package. There are

currently other alternatives that are either not robust, not free or not

open source. Examples of these alternatives are WinCron

(http://www.wincron.co.uk/), Cron (http://www.kalab.com/freeware/cron/cron.htm).

This implementation is very simple, complete and robust.

**

** USAGE

**

usage: cron [crontab_file_name [log_file_name [pid_file_name]]]

crontab_file_name Name and location of the crontab file. By

default it is ./crontab

log_file_name Name and location of the log file. By default

it is ./cron.log

pid_file_name Name and location of the pid file. This file

will contain the process id of the cron

process. It can be used later to stop the cron

file. By default it is ./cron.pid

**

** Crontab files

**

A contrab file contains one command per line, except empty lines and

lines starting with the character #, which are considered as comments.

This file will be scanned every minute when cron is running.

Each command has the format:

<minute> <hour> <day of month> <month> <day of week> <command> <args>

Cron will scan each entry and match the first five values with the

current local time and date. The entries for each of these values must

be either:

- A number. For <month> it is the month number, and for <day of week>

is the day number starting with Sunday=0.

- An asterisk (*) which indicates that any value matches this field.

- Comma separated numbers that indicate that each of the values can

match this field.

The 6th argument, <command>, is the name of the program to run. The remaining

arguments are passed to the programm <command> as command-line arguments.

Example cron entries

0 * * * * echo "run every hour"

0 3 * * * echo "run every day at 3am"

30,0 * * * * echo "run every half hour"

45 15 * * 1 echo "run every monday at 3:45pm"

0 4 15 * * echo "run on the 15th of every month at 4am"

**

** Windows

**

This example is for Windows 2K.

1.- Unzip the package in c:\Program Files\pycron.

2.- You can create a shorcut in the startup folder, with

the following properties:

Target = C:\Program Files\Python22\pythonw.exe C:\Program Files\pycron\cron.py

Start In = C:\Program Files\pycron

You will notice that console processes are launched in a new console window.

To avoid this, use the provided program silentstart in your crontab file. For

example:

# Run backup script every morning at 3am

0 3 * * * silentstart c:\scripts\backup.bat

silentstart.exe must be in the path. You can copy it to c:\winnt\system32.

**

** Limitations

**

- Crontab files can not have environment variable definitions.

- pycron doeas not support the expresions of the form /2, month

or day of the week names, or dash expresions such as 5-9.