In-order to upgrade a RAC Database from 220.127.116.11 to 18.104.22.168 you need to upgrade
1] The grid infrastructure first.
2] Then, the Oracle Database.
Environment /Setup Details:-
+ 2 Node RAC on Red Hat Linux 5.6 with Dell PowerEdge Servers (R710).
+ Applies to any storage.
It is recommended to we use the Latest Version of OPatch. Unzip the zip file and copy OPatch folder to $ORACLE_HOME And $GI_HOME by renaming the earlier OPatch directory. You can refer to how to download and Install OPatch [Metalink ID 274526.1]
Pre- Requisite Patch
First, let’s discuss about the mandatory patches required before upgrading to 22.214.171.124. PSU 12419353& Patch 1253900 is mandatory and downloadable from http://www.metalink.oracle.com/ for information on PSU 12419353, refer to Metalink article ID 12419353.8
Download the patch and unzip it to a stage directory (it can be any directory), once you unzip the downloaded patch, 2 folders will be created. In this example I have unzipped the patch to /patches directory.
Now, let’s see how to patch the $GI_HOME with Patch 12419353.
Before the patch is installed, we need to perform a pre-req check. Let’s see how to do this.
1] [root@rac1 patches]# su – oracle
2] [oracle@rac1 ~]$ cd /opt/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/OPatch/
3] [oracle@rac1 OPatch]$ ./opatch prereq CheckConflictAgainstOHWithDetail -phBaseDir /patches
Invoking OPatch 126.96.36.199.6
Oracle Interim Patch Installer version 188.8.131.52.6
Copyright (c) 2011, Oracle Corporation. All rights reserved.
Oracle Home : /opt/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1
Central Inventory : /opt/app/oraInventory
from : /etc/oraInst.loc
OPatch version : 184.108.40.206.6
OUI version : 220.127.116.11.0
Log file location : /opt/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/cfgtoollogs/opatch/opatch2011-08-16_19-36-09PM.log
Invoking prereq "checkconflictagainstohwithdetail"
Prereq "checkConflictAgainstOHWithDetail" passed.
Patching the $GI_HOME
1] Stop the Instance running on Node1
srvctl stop instance -d upgrade -i upgrade1
2] As root User run the opatch auto from the $GI_HOME
./opatch auto /patches
Note: The Opatch auto takes care of the patching of both the Grid infrastructure Home and the Oracle Home with the mandatory patch .
Once the patching is done on Node1, start the instance on Node1
3] Starting the Instance on Node1
srvctl start instance -d upgrade -i upgrade1
Note: Repeat the process of pre-req and patching on Node2
Once the mandatory patch is applied, we can proceed with the upgrade of the grid infrastructure home.
Patches required: The software/Patch can be downloaded from My Oracle support: patch 10404530. Select p10404530_112030_Linux-x86-64_3of7.zip for grid infrastructure download. Once downloaded, unzip them.
Upgrading Grid Infrastructure
Unzip the patches downloaded and invoke run Installer from the unzipped grid folder. You will be taken to the welcome screen.
Choose Skip Software updates
Choose Upgrade Gird Infrastructure or Oracle ASM
Choose the Language
The Nodes present are selected by default, Click Next.
Leave the OS groups to Defaults
Choose the New Location where the Grid Infrastructure should be installed
The Pre-Requisite checks are performed, click next
The summary screen appears click next
Click on Install
Run rootupgrade.sh on both the nodes as specified in the screenshot
You can verify if the Clusterware has been upgraded successfully, by the following commands.
To determine software version (binary version of the software on a particular cluster node) use
$crsctl query crs softwareversion
Oracle Clusterware version on node [prod01] is [18.104.22.168.0]
For checking active version on cluster, use
$ crsctl query crs activeversion
Oracle Clusterware active version on the cluster is [22.214.171.124.0]
Upgrading the Database via In-place upgrade
The software/Patch can be downloaded from My Oracle support: patch 10404530. Select p10404530_112030_Linux-x86-64_1of7.zip and p10404530_112030_Linux-x86-64_2of7.zip for database patch/software download. Once downloaded, unzip them.
In-Place upgrades (Things to do before performing and In-place upgrade)
When performing an in-place upgrade, which uses the same Oracle home location, an error messages appears stating that the installer detects Oracle Database software in the location that you specified.
Message: The installer has detected that the software location you have specified contains Oracle Database software release 126.96.36.199. Oracle recommends that when upgrading to 188.8.131.52, you perform an out-of-place installation of the software into a new Oracle home and then upgrade the database using the new software binaries.
Cause: The installer has detected that the software location you have specified contains Oracle Database software release 184.108.40.206.
Action: Either perform an in-place upgrade (Steps provided in this section), or perform an out-of-place upgrade
Performing an In-Place Upgrade for an Oracle RAC Database
To perform an in-place upgrade for Oracle RAC Database instances:
1. Back up the configuration data by backing up the following directories on all cluster nodes:
2. Run the following command on each of the nodes to detach the 220.127.116.11.0 Oracle RAC ORACLE_HOME:
ORACLE_HOME/oui/bin/runInstaller -detachHome ORACLE_HOME=18.104.22.168.0 software location
3. Rename the 22.214.171.124.0 Oracle RAC ORACLE_HOME directory on all the nodes to a temporary name.
4. Install release 126.96.36.199 Software Only on all nodes.
From the unzipped folder, invoke the run Installer from the database folder.
The welcome screen appears, uncheck the security updates and click next
Choose Skip Software Updates
Select Install Database Software Only and click next
Choose Oracle Real Application Clusters DB Installation and Select the Nodes and click next
Choose the Language and click next
Select Enterprise Edition and click next
Specify the location of the old home, and click next
Provide the Operating System groups and click next
Once the Pre-requisite checks are performed, click next
The summary screen appears, verify the settings and click next
The installation proceeds
Once the installation is done, run Root.sh on both the nodes as instructed and click ok.
Now, on all nodes, restore into the 188.8.131.52 ORACLE_HOME software location the backed up configuration data files (from the backups you made of /dbs and network/admin), and also restore the following two directories: /hostname_dbname and /oc4j/j2ee/OC4J_DBConsole_hostname_dbname. Specify the actual name for hostname_dbname.
Database Upgrade using DBUA
Run DBUA from the 184.108.40.206 ORACLE_HOME/bin directory on the local node and select the 220.127.116.11.0 Oracle RAC database instance to upgrade it to release 18.104.22.168.0.
The welcome screen appears once you invoke the DBUA, click next to proceed
DBUA Lists the databases that can be upgraded, select the one that you would like to upgrade
You can choose the Degree of parallelism and upgrading the time zone version and click next
Skip this screen by clicking next
The summary screen appears, click on finish for the upgrade to proceed, and the upgrade proceeds.
Once the upgrade is completed a summary of all the components that was upgraded will be displayed.
NOTE: The only time one should use this method (in-place upgrade) is when you lack space on your server. However, you can use this method for your test and development environments to save space. Since this method was the traditional method of doing things,
Since this method is available, I thought it’s worth checking how it works in 11gR2. During the entire upgrade process, I never ran into any issues, apart from the slightly higher downtime in comparison to the out-of place upgrade. However, oracle doesn’t recommend this method. You can refer to the following metalink note 1291682.1.